Mr. Lucien Daumec
This summary was written in French by Lyonel Daumec, son of Lucien Daumec, and translated into English by Fordi9
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Lucien Daumec - 40 years later.

In the morning of December 25, 1963, an impressive contingent of heavily armed soldiers and "macoutes" proceeded to kidnap Lucien Daumec. He was 41 years old. Several friends gathered at his house were also taken away along with his 17 years old son Frantz. Two months later, the senator Dato Daumec would undergo the same fate. They were never to be seen again just like thousands of victims of the Duvaliers' hereditary dictatorial régime, who had Fort-Dimanche as their final place of rest.

Lucien Daumec was one of the young journalists of "La Ruche" who organized the strike of January 7, 1946, which led to the fall of Mr. Élie Lescot's controversial regime and shook the bases of the archaic structure ofHaitian society. These young journalists aspired to be associated with the vast antifascist movement of the time and to offer an alternative to the country, other than the recycling of accessories of the old political system. They had the ambition of completing the independence movement of 1804 and to pull the country out of its antiquated political system.

History decided differently. At the beginning of 1941, Mr. Élie Lescot was chosen by President Vincent to be his successor and, as a simple matter of formality, this choice was ratified by the National Assembly on April 14, 1941.

Sectarian autocrat who asserted that the country was not ready for democracy, which was itself incompatible with the customs and habits of the Haitian people. Mr. Lescot did not waste any time, once appointed, to bring all the executive powers under his control and to declare a state of siege. The Armed Forces, the Justice Department, and the Legislative Corps would function under the strict supervision of the self-proclaimed Commander in Chief of the Army, Mr. Lescot himself.

He was not the first to bring about the question of skin color in the Haitian societal fabric; this issue was well rooted in our history. But under his government, this issue was retrofitted and carried out to its paroxysm. By underscoring the superiority of the mulatto over the darker Haitian people, he made skin color the primary criterion for becoming a public servant or holding public office. And the consequences of such practice on the black bourgeois who saw themselves driven out of public posts and even private companies were catastrophic.

The economic policies of Lescot were as catastrophic and resulted in a general impove-rishment of the population. He sequestered resources of the country for the benefit of his entourage and friends and, under the pretext of war, he confiscated enormous acreages of land from the peasants to give them to Foreign companies such as Shada for the production of hévéa.

In Foreign affairs, his policies were designed, in his own words, as faithful images of the American policies, which explains his solidarity upon declaring war to Germany, Italy and Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbour by the Japanese in December 1941. The goods of the citizens of these countries who resided in Haiti were sequestered and then given away to the friends of the regime.

Despotism, total submission in favor of foreign interests thereby sacrifizing those of the country, such were the characteristics of this government, which resulted into a general dissatisfaction. And it is in this context that "La Ruche" was conceived.

On January 7, 1946, the newspaper launched its call for a general strike and on January 11, the game was over. Lescot left for exile and a military junta assumed the power until the election of Dumarsais Estimé by the National Assembly in August 1946.

The country enjoyed two exiting years of democratic fervor during which the struggle of the labor-union movement earned to the working masses the adoption of certain measures, in particular those related to the minimum wage, maternity leave, legislation on mandatory arbitration in cases of labor-related conflicts, as well as the establishment of the Institute of Social Insurance.

The year 1946 also facilitated the emergence of the middle class on the political scene although it is the faction the most reactionary, the most retrograde that occupied and continues still to occupy all networks of power.

Contrary to those who usurped and assassinated 1946 and grew rich from its remains, Lucien Daumec had demonstrated all his life a commitment to the ideals of democracy, freedom and social justice that this movement shouldered.

After 1946, we meet him again, as a trade-union militant through the Federation of the Haitians workers affiliated with the PCH of which he was member. Graduated from the Institute of Ethnology and, later from Law School, he is engaged in teaching and journalism. After "La Ruche "closed, he founded a weekly newspaper, “La Voix des Jeunes,” and later, contributed its regular chronicles to the newspapers the “ Nouvelliste" and "Le Matin.”

In October 1957, he is appointed Chief of Staff of Duvalier's Cabinet but, shortly thereafter, on November 5, 1958, he resigned.

(To be continued)

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In May 1987.- after months of discusion, more than 50 survivors of the Duvaliers regime signed the by-laws of an organization called "Pa Blié" for the purpose of documenting the atrocities of the Duvalier regime. Their slogan "Bay kou blie, pote mak songe" characterized their threefold mission of:

  1. Establishing a museum;
  2. Developing a park where each tree would be dedicated to a specific victim; and,
  3. Enact into law April 26 as the " Haitian Anti-Repression Day."

"Pa blie" collected hundreds of historical photographs and artifacts related to this repressive era and shared them with the public at several exhibits. This movement has been silent in recent past and unfortuna-tely no apparent effort is being made to give the victims their earned legacy.

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